Wouldn't it be nice that instead of the following PIC C ( or similar AVR C ) code:
TRISAbits.TRISA2 = 1; //make switch pin an input WPUAbits.WPUA2 = 1; //turn on the pull-up on switch pin TRISBbits.TRISB5 = 0; //make led pin an output
You could just right something like this, that allows you to change later on the PIN assigned for a specific function:
#define pinSwitch(f) f(A,2) //Declare Switch pin RA2 #define pinLed(f) f(B,5) //Declar Led pin RB5 _TRIS(pinSwitch) = 1; //make pin an input _WPU(pinSwitch) = 1; // turn on internal pull-up on switch pin _TRIS(pinLed) = 0; // make led pin an output
If you're interested how you can simplify your PIC/AVR C code then read on ….
I started working with MCUs using Basic Stamps 2. My first programs where written in PBASIC. I enjoyed the simplicity of this language but soon moved on to C. One particular thing that I was missing in the C enviroment was the ability to define a pin at the begining of the program and then perform various operations on it. (Make it an input or output, toggle the pin, read its level, output a high or low signal). PIC Microcontrollers make use of several registers to perform these operations, and if you change your pin you need to update all your lines of code that perform these operation.
To illustrate let's take a simple example. Let's say you have a button and a led, you'd like to create a simple application that will turn on the led when a momentary switch is pressed. The hardware setup will be very simple: the led is connected to an output pin of MCU (with a resitor in series to avoid burning the led); the switch is connected to another pin with an optional external pull-up resistor (some PIC and AVR can use an internal pull-up). Please note when the switch is pressed it will output 0 (LOW) and when it is not pressed it will output 1 (HIGH) due to the pull-up resistor.